This refers to Medicine involving individual organ systems.
With the cardiovascular system- coronary artery disease and cardiac ischemia, cardiac arrhythmias, peripheral vascular disease, congestive heart failure, hypertension related heart disease, pulmonary hypertension and others.Detecting the early symptoms of these diseases is essential in making a correct diagnosis and then implementing treatments as well as for the testing and referrals
With the gastrointestinal system- peptic ulcer disease, liver disease, diseases of the intestine and colon, esophageal disorders and others. Proper identification of the diseases and timely referral to specialist is essential to prevent further damage and complications.
With the musculoskeletal system- identifying the early signs and symptoms of autoimmune diseases is extremely important to prevent damage and deformities. Testing for them and further referrals as needed are important
With the pulmonary system, identifying pulmonary complications of environmental diseases is an area which is very easily overlooked especially in an urban setting.
With the kidneys and excretory system, looking out for renal complications of systemic diseases such as diabetes and hypertension is very important as these are associated with increased morbidity and mortality
In short, Application of latest evidence based medicine in the management is essential and important because medical science is rapidly changing and hence an up-to-date knowledge as well as application of the knowledge with regards to every organ system is essential in managing any patient in a primary care / Internal Medicine setting